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Statutory Instrument 11 of 2019 - Magistrates Court (Civil) Rules, 2018

Magistrates Court (Civil) Rules, 2018

 

ARRANGEMENT OF RULES Rule

ORDER 1

APPLICATION AND INTERPRETATION

  1. Date of commencement and application.
  2. Application of Orders 16 to 19. 4. Forms.

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  1. Provisions for electronic communications.

ORDER 2

MESSENGER OF THE COURT

  1. Service of process through messenger.
  2. Duty of messenger and police.
  3. Return of service.

ORDER 3

CLERK OF COURT

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ORDER 4

REPRESENTATION OF PARTIES

  1. Who may represent party.
  2. Proof of authority to act for party.
  3. Death or incapacity of party.
  4. Substitution of executor, etc.

71

DISTRIBUTED BY VERITAS

e-mail: [email protected]; website: www.veritaszim.net

Veritas makes every effort to ensure the provision of reliable information, but cannot take legal responsibility for information supplied.

 

ORDER 5

PROCEEDINGS IN FORMA PAUPERIS  ,QLWLDOFRQVXOWDWLRQZLWKFOHUNRIFRXUW

  1. Instituting and defending proceedings.
  2. Fees and costs.

ORDER 6

WHEN LEAVE OF COURT REQUIRED FOR ISSUE OF PROCESS  1. Application to proceed against President or judges.

ORDER 7

SERVICE OF PROCESS, NOTICES, ETC.

  1. Application of order.
  2. Who may serve process.
  3. When process may be served. 5. Manner of service of process.

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found.

6HUYLFHRQWZRRUPRUHSHUVRQV  8. Service by registered post.

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  1. Proof of service.
  2. Change of address for service.
  3. Service by telegraph facsimile or electronic mail.
  4. Inspection of original of process.
  5. Substituted service.
  6. Edictal citation.
  7. Minimum time for service of process in particular cases.
  8. Service of process in claims against the State.
  9. Order not to affect jurisdiction of court.

 

ORDER 8

SUMMONS COMMENCING ACTION

Rule

  1. Issue of summons and time to enter appearance.
  2. Contents of summons.
  3. Contents of particulars of claim.
  4. Other matters to be included in summons.
  5. Multiple or alternative claims in one summons.
  6. Actions by or against partnerships, etc.
  7. Amendment of summons.

ORDER 9

COUNTERCLAIMS

  1. Application of Rules to counterclaims.
  2. When counterclaim to be made. 3. What may be counterclaimed.

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or default judgment.

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ORDER 10

APPEARANCE TO DEFEND

  1. Method of entering appearance.
  2. Late appearance effective if no application for default judgment is made.
  3. Contents of memorandum of intention to defend.
  4. Entry of appearance: defendant may still except to action.

 

ORDER 11

JUDGMENT BY CONSENT OR DEFAULT

  1. Consent to judgment and effect on costs; effect of partial consent and joint consent.
  2. Application for default judgment.
  3. Barring, judgment in default of plea; removal of bar.
  4. When judgment by consent or in default may be entered.

ORDER 12

FURTHER PARTICULARS

  1. Supply of copies of documents and inspection of originals.
  2. Application for further particulars.
  3. Further particulars after close of pleadings.

ORDER 13

PAYMENT INTO COURT, OFFERS AND TENDERS

  1. Payment into court of full sum claimed.
  2. Offer in settlement. 3. Offers to settle by third parties (sureties, co-defendants, etc).

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  1. Payment into court of sum tendered.
  2. Tender of performance. 7. Acceptance of tender or tender of performance.

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  1. Payment out: time limitation.

ORDER 14

EXCEPTIONS, MOTIONS TO STRIKE OUT AND SPECIAL PLEAS

  1. When exception to summons may be made.

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&RPSODLQWEOHWWHUEHIRUHDSSOLQJWRVWULNHRXWRUÀOLQJH[FHSWLRQ  (IIHFWRIVXFFHVVIXOH[FHSWLRQRUPRWLRQWRVWULNHRXW

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out.

  1. Special pleas, etc. to be stated or made at one time: pleading to

merits.

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ORDER 15

SUMMARY JUDGMENT

  1. When application for summary judgment may be made.
  2. Procedure on application for summary judgment.
  3. Courses open to court.
  4. Use in subsequent proceedings of evidence given at application

for summary judgment.

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ORDER 16

PLEA

  1. When plea must be lodged; signing of plea. 2. Contents of plea.

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  1. Bare denial or general defence not admissible.
  2. Plea of tender. 6. Allegation in plea of payment into court.

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ORDER 17

REPLY; CLOSURE OF PLEADINGS

  1. Plaintiff may reply to plea.
  2. Rules applicable to reply.
  3. Effect of failure to reply.
  4. Closure of pleadings.

ORDER 18

DISCOVERY AND INSPECTION OF DOCUMENTS

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be used by other party.

  1. Supply of documents or copies thereof.
  2. Notice requiring other party to produce documents at trial. 4. Notice of inspection, and inspection of, undisclosed documents.

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&RXUWRUPDJLVWUDWHPDLQVSHFWGRFXPHQWIRUZKLFKSULYLOHJHG claimed.

ORDER 19

PRE-TRIAL CONFERENCE, SETDOWN OF TRIALS AND TRIALS  1. Pre-trial conference.

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:KHUHWULDOWRWDNHSODFH  4. Magistrate may consult counsel in chambers before trial.  3UHVHQFHRISDUWLHVDQGZLWQHVVHV

  1. Facts in issue, admissions and questions of fact.

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  1. Filing of interrogatories.

ORDER 20

WITHDRAWAL AND DISMISSAL

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  1. Application for dismissal of action.

ORDER 21

RECORD OF PROCEEDINGS

  1. Minutes of record.
  2. Recording in shorthand.
  3. Correction of errors in record.

ORDER 22

APPLICATIONS

  1. Notice to be given of application.
  2. Response to application. 3. Counter-applications.

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  1. When appearance to defend is deemed to have been entered.
  2. When ex parte application procedure can be used and the procedure WREHIROORZHG

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  1. General provisions re applications.
  2. Urgent applications.

ORDER 23

INTERDICTS AND ATTACHMENTS

  1. Method of application. 2. Security for damages.

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parte orders.

  1. Service of ex parteRUGHUDQGGLVFKDUJHRQFDXVHVKRZQ
  2. Discharge on giving of security.
  3. Minutes of order.

 

Rule

:KHQ LQWHUGLFW ZDUUDQW IRU DUUHVW RU DWWDFKPHQW WR FRQÀUP jurisdiction may be executed.

ORDER 24 SUBPOENAS

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  1. Service of subpoena by messenger.
  2. Person failing to appear.

ORDER 25

INTEREST

  1. Interest from date of issue of summons.
  2. Interest from date of judgment.

ORDER 26

EXECUTION

  1. Warrant for execution of judgment. 2. Furnishing of security by judgment creditor.

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of attachment; accounting for proceeds of sale in execution.  -XGJPHQWGHEWRUDÀUPRUPHPEHURIDÀUP  5. Notice to debtor of proposed execution.

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  1. Attachment of leases, negotiable instruments, etc. 8. Execution against immovable property.

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ORDER 27

INTERPLEADER

  1. When interpleader relief may be claimed, commencement of interpleader, etc.
  2. Duties of applicant.

 

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3URFHGXUHZKHUHPDWWHUVLQLVVXHDUHWULHG

  1. Orders as to costs.

ORDER 28

CIVIL IMPRISONMENT

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,QTXLULQWRMXGJPHQWGHEWRU·VIDLOXUHWRSD  3. When court may issue decree of civil imprisonment.

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  1. Debtor failing to pay instalments. 7. Effect of multiple orders for civil imprisonment.

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&OHUN RI &RXUW PD UHOHDVH GHEWRU IURP SULVRQ LQ FHUWDLQ

circumstances.

  1. Releaser of debtor by court.

ORDER 29

GARNISHEE ORDERS  +RZDSSOLFDWLRQWREHPDGH

  1. Notes to appear on order.
  2. Garnishee order against the State.
  3. Opposition by judgment debtor. 5. Garnishee to pay money to messenger.

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  1. Judgment debtor ceasing to be employed by garnishee.

ORDER 30

RESCISSION, VARIATION OR CORRECTION OF JUDGMENTS AND ORDERS  1. Application for rescission or variation of default judgment.

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Rule

  1. Application of Order to rescission of other judgments.

ORDER 31

APPEALS AND REVIEWS  1. Method of noting appeal or cross-appeal.

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  1. Record of trial. 5. Abandonment by respondent of judgment.

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  1. Omission of exhibits and portions of documents by consent.

ORDER 32

COSTS AND MESSENGER’S FEES

  1. Orders as to costs.

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ORDER 33

CONSTITUTIONAL APPLICATIONS, REFERRALS AND APPEALS

  1. Applications for determination of constitutional issue. 2. Notice of opposition.

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6HWGRZQRIDSSOLFDWLRQV  5. Referrals to the Constitutional Court.

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  1. Appeals to the Constitutional Court.

 

ORDER 34

GENERAL Rule

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  1. Extension of prescribed time limits.
  2. Adjournment or postponement of case. 4. Failure by party to appear.

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  1. Validity of process and pleadings.
  2. Records, etc., of previous trials.
  3. Joinder of third party.
  4. When defendant may require plaintiff to provide security for costs.
  5. Lapsing of summons.
  6. Practice directions.12. Practice directions.
  7. Repeals.

F IRST SCHEDULE: Forms.

SECOND SCHEDULE: Tariffs of Fees—

TABLE A: TARIFF OF LEGAL PRACTITIONERS’ FEES.

TABLE B: TARIFF FOR THE MESSENGER OF COURT.       TABLE C: TARIFF OF COURT FEES.

THIRD SCHEDULE: Repeals.

FOURTH SCHEDULE: Service of Process Upon SWDWHRIÀFHUV  ,7LVKHUHEQRWLÀHGWKDWWKH0LQLVWHURI-XVWLFH/HJDODQG

Parliamentary Affairs has, in terms of section 73 of the Magistrates

Court Act [Chapter 7:10@PDGHWKHIROORZLQJUXOHV³

ORDER 1

APPLICATION AND INTERPRETATION

Title

  1. These rules may be cited as the Magistrates Court (Civil) Rules, 2019.

 

Date of commencement and application

  1. These rules shall (unless the Chief Justice earlier by notice in the GazetteVSHFLÀHVDQHDUOLHURUODWHUGDWHRIFRPPHQFHPHQW

come into operation on the 1st February, 2019, and shall have effect in relation to all civil proceedings in a court, including so as is practicable proceedings pending on the date of commencement.

Application of Orders 16 to 19

  1. Orders 16 to 19 apply only if the plaintiff— (a)        does not apply for summary judgment;  or

(b) having applied for summary judgment, an order is made giving the defendant leave to defend.

Forms        4. (1) The forms contained in the First Schedule may be used ZLWKVXFKYDULDWLRQVDVFLUFXPVWDQFHVUHTXLUH

1RQFRPSOLDQFHZLWKVXEUXOHLVQRWLQLWVHOIDJURXQG IRUH[FHSWLRQEXWWKHFOHUNRIWKHFRXUWPDUHIXVHWRXVHDQSURFHVV ZKLFKGRHVQRWFRPSOZLWKWKHSUHVFULEHGUHTXLUHPHQWV

  • All process of the court for service or execution and all GRFXPHQWVRUFRSLHVWREHÀOHGRIUHFRUGVKDOOZKHUHSUDFWLFDEOHEH on A4 paper.
  • All process of the court or notices or documents delivered VKDOOEHHQGRUVHGZLWKWKHQDPHVDQGDGGUHVVHVRIWKHSDUWLHVDQGWKH case number.

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  1. (1) In these rules—

“company” means an incorporated or registered company;  “copy” means a true and correct copy;

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thereof or an application and pleadings thereof is issued DQGVWDPSHGEWKHFOHUNRIFRXUW

“default judgment” means a judgment given in the absence RIWKHSDUWDJDLQVWZKRPLWLVPDGH

 

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party;

“form” means the appropriate form set out in the First Schedule;  “give security” means to give security to the satisfaction of WKHFOHUNRIWKHFRXUWE³

  • payment into court of the amount in question; or
  • the giving of a security bond therefor, either by DSDUWZLWKVRPHRQHDVKLVRUKHUVXUHWZKRLV

DSSURYHGEWKHFOHUNRIWKHFRXUWRUEWZRRU PRUHSHUVRQVZKRDUHVRDSSURYHG

´MXGJPHQWGHEWµPHDQVDMXGJPHQWRIDFRXUWRIODZWKDWD GHEWLVSDDEOHWRWKHMXGJPHQWFUHGLWRUZKLFKMXGJPHQW DOORZVWKHMXGJPHQWFUHGLWRUWROHYH[HFXWLRQRUWR enforce performance of the debt;

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of money;

“month” means a calendar month;

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´RZQHUµDQGRWKHUOLNHWHUPVZKHQXVHGLQUHODWLRQWRSURSHUW RUDFWVLQFOXGHFRUSRUDWLRQVRIDOONLQGVDQGDQRWKHU DVVRFLDWLRQVRISHUVRQVFDSDEOHRIRZQLQJRUKROGLQJ property;

´SDUWµPHDQVDQSHUVRQZKRLVDSDUWWRWKHSURFHHGLQJV

´SHQGLQJFDVHµPHDQVDFDVHLQZKLFKVXPPRQVKDVEHHQ LVVXHGDQGZKLFKKDVQRWEHHQZLWKGUDZQGLVFRQWLQXHG RUGLVPLVVHGDQGLQZKLFKMXGJPHQWKDVQRWEHHQJLYHQ

“plaintiff”, “defendant”, “applicant”, “respondent” and “party” include, for the purpose of service, notice, appearance, endorsement and signature, the legal practitioner appearing for any such party;

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“property” includes everything animate or inanimate, corporeal RULQFRUSRUHDOZKLFKLVFDSDEOHRIEHLQJWKHVXEMHFWRI RZQHUVKLS

´VKRUWKDQGZULWHUµ LQFOXGHV WKH RSHUDWRU RI D UHFRUGLQJ

machine;

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SURSHUWRIDQSHUVRQDQGZKLFKLVWKHHYLGHQFHRIWKH RZQHUVKLSRIDQSURSHUWRURIWKHULJKWWRUHFRYHURU receive any property.

  • Where anything is required by these rules to be done ZLWKLQDSDUWLFXODUQXPEHURIGDVRUKRXUVD6DWXUGDXQGDRU SXEOLFKROLGDVKDOOQRWEHUHFNRQHGDVSDUWRIVXFKSHULRG
  • All distances shall be calculated over the shortest route reasonably available in the circumstances.

 

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  1. (1) The Chief Magistrate may, on application being made substantially in the form prescribed in Form CIV A1, authorise (subject WRWKLVUXOHDFOHUNRIFRXUWOHJDOSUDFWLWLRQHURUPHVVHQJHURIFRXUW WRXVHDQHOHFWURQLFPDLODGGUHVVZHEVLWHSRUWDORURWKHULQWHUDFWLYH HOHFWURQLFOLQNIRUHIIHFWLQJQRWLFHVVHUYLFHRISURFHVVÀOLQJVRURWKHU WUDQVDFWLRQVZLWKRUWKURXJKDPDJLVWUDWHVFRXUW
  • No application under subrule (1) that is made by a legal practitioner shall be considered by the Chief Magistrate unless—

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previously been authorised by the Chief Magistrate  to XVHDQHOHFWURQLFPDLODGGUHVVZHEVLWHSRUWDORURWKHU LQWHUDFWLYHHOHFWURQLFOLQNIRUHIIHFWLQJQRWLFHVVHUYLFH RISURFHVVÀOLQJVRURWKHUWUDQVDFWLRQVZLWKRUWKURXJK the magistrates court in question;  and

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her support of the application in the appropriate space in Form CIV A1.

  • Upon receiving an application made by legal practitioner LQDFFRUGDQFHZLWKVXEUXOHWKH&KLHI0DJLVWUDWHPD³

 

D UHPLWWKHDSSOLFDWLRQEDFNWROHJDOSUDFWLWLRQHUWKURXJK WKHFOHUNRIWKHFRXUWLQTXHVWLRQZLWKDUHTXHVWWKDWWKH legal practitioner supply further particulars in support RIRULQFRQQHFWLRQZLWKWKHDSSOLFDWLRQRU

(b) refuse the application, giving reasons therefor;  or

F        JLYHWKHUHTXHVWHGDXWKRULWZLWKRUZLWKRXWFRQGLWLRQV LQWKHDSSURSULDWHVSDFHLQ)RUP&,9$LQZKLFKHYHQW WKH&KLHI0DJLVWUDWHVKDOOUHWXUQWZRRIWKHFRSLHVEHDULQJ

WKHDXWKRULWWRWKHFOHUNRIWKHFRXUWLQTXHVWLRQZKR

shall retain one copy for his or her records and return the other one to the applicant legal practitioner.

  • Any notice or process that under these rules can be served by hand delivery or registered post can be effected by communication WKURXJKDQHOHFWURQLFPDLODGGUHVVZHEVLWHSRUWDORURWKHULQWHUDFWLYH HOHFWURQLFOLQNLIWKHOHJDOSUDFWLWLRQHUVRIDOOWKHSDUWLHVLQYROYHG LQWKHPDWWHUFRQFHUQHGDQGWKHFOHUNRIWKHFRXUWLQTXHVWLRQHDFK

KDYHDQHOHFWURQLFPDLODGGUHVVZHEVLWHSRUWDORURWKHULQWHUDFWLYH HOHFWURQLFOLQNWKDWKDVEHHQDXWKRULVHGXQGHUVXEUXOH

  • The authentication of any electronic communication shall EHHIIHFWHGEPHDQVRIHOHFWURQLFVLJQDWXUHVWKHNHHSLQJRIFHUWLÀHG EDFNXSFRSLHVRIWKHFRPPXQLFDWLRQLQSDSHUIRUPRUEVXFKRWKHU means as may be directed from time to time by the Chief Magistrate.
  • The Chief Magistrate may approve any electronic platform for the payment of any fee or charge, the advertisement of any thing or matter or the conduct of any auction or sale for the purpose of these rules.
  • The Chief Magistrate, after consulting the Judge President, may give directions of general application to magistrates—

(a) in implementation of section 44A (“Electronic sittings of court”) of the Act;

E WKHFRQGLWLRQVVXEMHFWWRZKLFKFRSLHVRIWKHUHFRUGRI DWULDORUUHYLHZUHFRUGLQWHUPVRI2UGHU´$SSHDOV DQG5HYLHZVµEHPDGHDQGSURYLGHGLQHOHFWURQLFIRUP

instead of in paper form;

(c)    concerning the implementation of this rule.

 

(7) Every—

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LQWHUDFWLYHHOHFWURQLFOLQNDXWKRULVHGXQGHUVXEUXOH

  • direction concerning the authentication of electronic communications made under subrule (3);
  • platform approved for the purposes of subrule (4);
  • direction given under subrule (5);

shall be published by general notice in the Gazette, and no such authorisation, approval or direction shall have effect until it

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